Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is a therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.Radiation therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to one area of the body. Teletherapy refers to radiation therapy given by an external radiation source at a distance from the body. Download ASCO's free Radiation Therapy fact sheet. Tumor removal surgeries have been documented in ancient Egypt, hormone therapy and radiation therapy were developed in the late 19th century. The treatment of cancer has undergone evolutionary changes as understanding of the underlying biological processes has increased. Based on your treatment options, you might have different types of doctors on your treatment team. Bone marrow transplant. Rapidly dividing cells are affected the most. What is radiotherapy? As new information … Chemotherapy, immunotherapy and newer targeted therapies are products of the 20th century. Teletherapy . Radiotherapy means the use of radiation, usually x-rays, to treat cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy damages cancer cells but can also damage healthy cells in the treatment area. Or external radiotherapy, which is from outside the body. Radiation treatment can come from a machine outside your body (external beam radiation), or it can be placed inside your body (brachytherapy). Side effects depend on what part of the body receives radiation therapy. Your exact treatment plan will be determined based on your type and stage of cancer. Radiation treatment is one of the main methods of treating cancer. This 1-page printable PDF gives an introduction to radiation therapy, including an overview of the different types of radiation, what to expect during treatment, possible side effects, terms to know, and questions to ask the health care team. These include skin cells, cells lining the mouth and
Your bone marrow is the material inside your bones that makes blood cells from blood stem cells. These doctors could include: A breast surgeon or surgical oncologist: a doctor who uses surgery to treat breast cancer; A radiation oncologist: a doctor who uses radiation to treat cancer; A medical oncologist: a doctor who uses chemotherapy and other medicines to treat cancer Radiotherapy can be used to try to cure cancer, reduce the chance of cancer coming back or to help relieve symptoms.